Who was Sabartés? by Carol Sutton
- [Jaume Sabartés i Gual}
- or correct as:
- [Jaime Sabatés] (note:
without the letter 'r')
- NEW NAME INFORMATION DIRECT FROM
- the great nephew of Jaime Sabatés,
Fabien Sabatés:August 22,
- "July 7, 2005
- I went to your site and found the very intersting
article about my great-uncle Jaime Sabartès. Somethings you might
not know : his name was a knikname, his real name was jaime sabatès
without the "r". His you leave me a phone number where to contact
you I will explain you why...
- Fabien Sabatès"
- Fabien Sabatès
- 77484 Provins cedex
- "July 15, 2005
- You said in your article that you don't have Sabartés's
bithday date, this is because Sabartès was not
is real name.
- His name was Jaime Sabatès, without the R.
He was my late mother's uncle. She did
say to me years ago she had his birthday officials papers and could proove
- Jaime took this nickname to be different from his
brother, my grand-father, who was an artist. He designed some spanish stamps
and the banknotes.
- It is famous in our familie that one day some people
came home to ask him to make false money ! Off course he refused. He also
made some gigantic portay of Franco to be hanged on some Madrid building
from an identity photo. I knew my grand-mother but the poor woman had all
a children (excepted two, my mother and one uncle) killed by the franquists
during the spanish war.
- When I was 20 (I am 54) I looked exactly like Jaime
in the Picassos's portait...
- Fabien Sabatès" end quote.
- I thank Fabien Sabatés for this new and insightful
information on Jaime Sabatés true name. Carol Sutton, august 22,
- ( Jaime Sabartés birth date- 1880 to1890's apx.,
born in Barcelona, Spain and death date- February 13, 1968)
- Sabartés was no marmoreal* man
bespectacled in heavy glasses. Jaime Sabartés, (Jaime is also spelled
alternatively Jaume in some books.) was a proud man of integrity and devoted
a great part of his life to serving one of the giants of art, Pablo Picasso,
who was eighteen years old when they first meet in Barcelona, Spain. Both
Sabartés and Picasso were regular customers of the famous bar of
The 4 Cats in Paris, France. Picasso won a contest and beat out
other artists for the design of the menu of Els Quatre Gats in 1900. Below
follows a short study of Sabartés and a gathering of information
on him. Sabartés - poet , author, husband, twice married,
father,journalist; loyal friend, chief secretary, writer, exhibition organizer
for Picasso; collector, and museum benefactor.
- "The intimate of Picasso longer
than any one else." page 8 Wilhelm Boech.A Catalan, and a well known
poet in Barcelona, and a very close friend of Picasso since the early days
in Barcelona. Said by Gilot ( Life
with Picasso by Francoise Gilot
and Carlton Lake) to be a distant
cousin of Miró. (page 165,166)"Their point
of encounter was Sabartés grandfather. The grandfather was completely
illiterate but he had made a fortune, Pablo told me, first as a scrap-metal
dealer and then later on , in some more respectable business. He could
neither read nor write nor even count beyond the most rudimentary level,
but no one could ever cheat him. If he was to receive one hundred iron
pots and only ninety-nine showed up, he knew it, even without being able
to count that high. He took an interest in Sabartés form his very
early childhood and decided to educate him, with the idea that when Sabartés
knew how to read and write and especially to count, he would take him in
to the business and from then on have no worries about being robbed by
wily competitors. By the time Sabartés was nine years old he was
handling all his grandfather's correspondence. Soon after, though, he had
a very serious eye illness which resulted in his becoming nearly blind.
That ended his usefulness to his grandfather. &" In 1899 he met Picasso,who also was living in Barcelona, as his father had become professor of painting at the
Barcelona School of Fine Arts.--From the beginning he (Sabartés)
was a kind of scapegoat for Pablo"."end quote. Sabartés
wore very heavy glass spectacles as a result.
- Portrait de Jaume Sabartés,
Seated - 1899-1900, by Pablo Picasso
- Charcoal and watercolour on paper
- 50.5cm : 33cms
- Picasso Museum,
Barcelona, Sabartés Collection
- or in ENGLISH:
- image credit:[no longer valid URL link]
- Museo Picasso Virtual
- Claustre Rafart i Planas writes in an essay titled
"Els Quatre Gats seen through the Metamorphosis of the Blue Period", ( on page 190 of the book, Picasso and els 4
CATS- The Early Years in Turn-of-the-Century Barcelona'. Under the direction of María Teresa Ocana; ) of 'Decadent Poet', another portrait of Jaume Sabartés
painted by Picasso in his 1900 studio on the Riera de Sant Joan. This book also illustrates
an x-ray of that oil which reveals the bust of a woman wearing the cap
like the prisoners at Saint Lazare, a prison Picasso visited that year.
Blue Portrait of Jaume Sabartés, Paris 1901, 46 x 38 cms, Picasso Museum , Barcelona. which bears
the marks of having once been put in an oval frame, his arching eyebrows
echo the eyeglasses ovals, shows a down turned moustache over prominent
well drawn and shadowed lips. This portrait has a genuine staunch demeanor.
- Picasso painted in 1904 another portrait of Jaume
Sabartés called Portrait of Sabartés, Private collection.. This one shows Sabartés
with short hair wearing a velvet collared overcoat.
- Sabartés married his distant cousin
and they had a child. He worked in Guatemala as a journalist for twenty-five
years and then returned to live in Spain. Sabartés married a second
time to a childhood sweetheart and they lived in Paris with Picasso at
the Rue La Boétie.In 1935, the year of his separation from
Olga Koklova and of the the birth of his daughter Maya, by Marie-Thérése
Walter; Picasso ask Sabartés to become his secretary. "The wife supervised the household and Sabartés
began his long service as Pablo's secretary, front man, errand boy, and
not least , scapegoat. (edited notes from page 166 and quote from page
- Sabartés was in charge of arranging
all the details of Picasso's exhibitions, needless to say a huge job in
itself and one which now whole committees would do.The first exhibition
to be arranged by Sabartés opened on March 3, 1936, at the
Paul Rosenberg & Co. in New York City and was the called "oeuvres
récentes"(recent works). He also arranged appointments with
Picasso and kept at bay those whom Picasso did not want to see.
- "He is one of those young men with fine
hands, elegant gestures, a thin face, deep in a brown study of the "blue"
period." page 110 from
- A related book - Picasso related, ' Picasso, in collaboration with Edward Quinn'. Introduction by John Russell , text by Pierre Descarques- translated
by Roland Balay.
- Publisher- Felicie, New York, copyright 1974
ISBN 0-9600692-2-4 Clothbound
- Library of Congress - 74-77627
- During the "blue period" in
Paris, Picasso painted a portrait of Jaime Sabartés who had recently
arrived on his first journey to France in the autumn of 1899 (or 1900).
- The Glass of Beer- Portrait of Jamie Sabartés, by Pablo Picasso, 81.5 x 66cm, oil on canvas, 1901,
Pushkin Museum, Moscow.
- from page 124, Wilhelm Boech/Jamie Sabartés
book. "Sabartés has told us how
the portrait came to be painted. One evening, while waiting for his friends
in the Café La Lorraine near the Musée Cluny, Sabartés
fell into a reverie, from which he was suddenly aroused by the voices of
Picasso and his companions. It is that moment when he surprised his friend
in the café that the painter later recorded in a canvas, which Sabartés
describes as "the specter of his solitude".
- This portrait, The Glass of Beer- Portrait
of Jamie Sabartés, Picasso amazingly used the head of
Casas Casagemas who had recently committed suicide in the Café L'Hippodrome,
over a love affair, imposed on the body of his friend Jaime Sabartés.
Marilyn McCully writes about this superimpose head in her essay, Picasso's
Portraits of his Barcelona Friend, begins on page 175 of the book,
Picasso and els 4 CATS- The Early Years in Turn-of-the-Century
Barcelona'. Under the direction of María
Teresa Ocana, which was originally written for her essay, 'To Fall like
a fly in the trap of Picasso's stare: Portraiture and the early work",
to appear in The Museum of Modern Art's exhibition catalogue, Picasso and
Portraits, New York, 1996.
- McCully * writes on page 180: "Casagemas's
suicide left a deep impression on Picasso, who later claimed that contemplating
the event had triggered the Blue period. He even went so far as to superimpose
the dead Casagemas's profile - which he had emphasized in a particularly
graphic way in the largest of the three death-heads - onto that of his
poet-friend Sabartés in the painting Le Bock ( or The Poet Sabartés,
as it is also known, see fig. 31), which was done in Paris in 1910. (footnote
John Richardson. 'A Life of Picasso',
New York, 1991, 216) Sabartés (who
liked to see himself as "the progenitor of Blue period 'blueness'
") has left a description of how this painting came about. He was
sitting alone and bored at the Café La Lorraine, when Picasso appeared
with their friends.
- "Unwittingly, I was serving as the model
for a picture, a portrait about which I retain two distinct memories: the
memory of my unpremeditated pose, in the café... when thinking I
was alone, I fell like a fly into the trap of Picasso's stare. And the
other is the impression I received a few days later in (his studio)...
when Picasso put it up on the easel, I was astonished to see myself (and)
the specter of my solitude."- as Picasso saw it. ( footnote 11.- from
' Picasso: An Intimate Portrait'. by Jamie Sabartés) end quote.
- *A related Marilyn
McCully book - Picasso related, 'A Picasso Anthology- Documents, Criticism, Reminiscences' by Marilyn McCully, a
new paperback, 288 pages, 55 halftones, includes Catalan and Spanish Criticism,
also English and Russian criticism. $16.95 US
- Published by Princeton University Press, New Jersey,
- ISBN - 0-691-00348-3
- can be ordered at
- or by
email order to firstname.lastname@example.org
- From page 113, Wilhelm Boech/Jamie Sabartés
- "More lasting than his associations with
these painters was his friendship with the writer Jaime Sabartés
who, decades later, published a valuable book containing a vivid account
of those early days. He tells us for instance about the tremendous passion
for work which distinguished Picasso even then. He covered the walls of
his and his friend's rooms with paintings,and produced drawings in such
quantities that he could use them as fuel for his stove. Only a small fraction
is preserved; among these, Promenade, a chalk drawing dating from 1897
(page 357), clearly reflects French influences: the subject matter is elegant
and fashionable; the vigorous black-and-white, flat treatment combined
with an illusion of depth suggest Manet, and the loose composition is reminiscent
of Degas and Toulouse-Lautrec."
- From page 314, Wilhelm Boech/Jamie Sabartés book: Other lost works include a thought provoking mural painted
by Picasso to decorate Sabartés room.-- "Sabartés
mentions a number of graceful pencil drawings done in 1902 and long since
lost of La bella Chelito, a dancer and singer who greatly impressed
the twenty-year old painter in Barcelona. He also mentions female nudes
roughly drawn with the brush dipped in blue on the walls of the Zut,
a dilapidated café in Paris which Picasso and his friend frequented
in 1904; and more important , a mural in Sabartés room in Barcelona,
representing a half-naked Negro hanging form a tree, with a pair of lovers
on the ground beneath him."
- Portrait of Jamie Sabartés , by Pablo Picasso, 49.5cm :38 cm, or 19 1/2" x 15"
oil on canvas, 1904, (Cat. 247)
- In 1939, the same year as the
death of Picasso's mother; Picasso paints another portrait of Sabartés , this time inspired
by his love of Spanish themes as :
- Portrait of Jamie Sabartés as a Spanish
Grandee,(dressed in the habit of a Dominican
of the time of Philip II), by Pablo Picasso
- , oil on canvas,
- 45.7cm :38cm, or 18 1/2" x 15"
22-10-1939, (October 22, 1939)
- Zervos IX, 366
- Picasso Museum, Barcelona.
Signed Picasso. Dated Royan/22-10-39 on the lower right-hand corner
From the Museo Picasso web site thie quote on Portrait
of Jamie Sabartés as a Spanish Grandee,
Picasso used to dress up his friends in the most unlikely ways. He also
made a caricature of his friend Jaume Sabartés. He subjected the
figure to distortions that completely fracture the centre line of his head,
giving him a totally ambiguous appearance. By using soft, fluid and contrasting
lines to outline the face, he maintained the peculiar personality of the
man, in spite of the dislocation of his facial features.
His staring eyes are concealed behind thick glasses, which instead of
resting on his nose are resting on one of his cheeks, which emphasises
the sharp line of his slightly turned-up nose, and plainly depicts his
left profile. In this painting, subtle flesh colours and the pompon on
the hat, ambiguity is again obvious in the uneasy, almost distressing realism,
despite the marked facial distortions.
Portrait of Jaume Sabartés as a Spanish Grandee
- Club-Internet France- Picasso
- Sabartés had a complete understanding
of Picasso working habits and methods, no doubt honed from years of careful
observation of Picasso making art. From page
Boech/Jamie Sabartés book: "What saves me is that every day I do worse".
(Picasso) Sabartés adds that the public always accepts Picasso's
next-to-last pictures when it is allowed to see his most recent creations."
- Sabartés wrote books about Picasso,
which are used as superb reference tools. ' Picasso: An Intimate
Portrait' included observations that
only Sabartés could make and understandings only Sabartés
had learned over his long relationship and close friendship with Picasso.
Picasso trusted Sabartés who was his life long friend.
- Below is a listing of some of these books:
- A related book - Picasso related, ' Picasso: portraits & souvenirs',by Jamie Sabartés
- Published :Louis Carré-Mazimilien Vox éditeurs,
Paris, France, 1946.
- A related book - Picasso related, ' Picasso: An Intimate Portrait'.
by Jamie Sabartés
- Published in New York, USA , and London, England, copyright 1948
- is now out of print but can be ordered at amazon.com
- A related book - Picasso related, ' Picasso: retratos y recuerdos, .
by Jamie Sabartés
- Published in Madrid, Spain, Afrondisio Aguado, copyright 1953
- A related book - Picasso related, ' Picasso: document icongraphiques, . by Jamie Sabartés
- Published in Geneva, Switzerland, Pierre Cailler, copyright
- Sabartés was short in height,
enough to keep his head from heading the letters hung up by clothes-pins
on a clothes-line in Picasso Antibes studio.Francoise Gilot describes the
morning ritual of getting Picasso out of bed and how Sabartés played
his role in this litany. Life with Picasso by
Francoise Gilot and Carlton Lake Quote page 145:"The so-called
more important letters, which he didn't answer either but kept before him
as a permanent reminder and reproach, were pinned up, also with clothespins,
onto wires that stretched fro the electric-light wire to the stovepipe.
The stove, a little wood-burning Mirus, stood in the center of the room.
Even when the central heating was working , Pablo always made a wood fire
because at that period he used to enjoy making drawings of the flames.
The stovepipe was so long and took up so much space, it was the most important
decorative element in the room. With its letters waving in the draft it
was a hazard to almost everyone but Pablo, Sabartés and Inés,
who were short enough to find their way through the maze without getting
caught in the wires".&--"Inés, the chambermaid, went
in first, carrying Pablo's breakfast tray----café au lait and two
pieces of salt-free dried toast---followed by Sabartés with the
papers and mail. I brought up the rear. Pablo would always start to grumble,
first about the way his breakfast was laid out on the tray."
- Gilot reports many more aspects of Sabartés personality
on pages 166-182, including saying "Sabartés devotion for Pablo
that a Trappist has for his God. ", that he dressed in black, "at
least metaphorically", and "affecting sadness", she uses
these adjectives and comments to describe Sabartés---- fussy, cautious,
discreet, watchdog, full of pride, self-aggregation, "mournful, almost
tragic expression", gloom, that he loved mystery and had a "cloak-and-dagger
imagination and mentally shadowed everyone who came near him", that
he loved secrets, was a man of few words which he would occasionally be
found "sadly dropping a word".
- Sabartés classify every object
and packed seventy wooden cases when Picasso was evicted out of his Rue
La Boétie apartment in 1951. Gilot writes that Sabartés
was paid with the skimpiest monetary wages as Picasso paid his workers
very poorly in cash. Therefore Sabartés and his wife could only
afford to live in a tiny walk up apartment in the working quarter of the
15th arrondissement in Paris.But what Picasso failed to pay in cash he
made up for in spades* (* I use the expression
"in spades" rather than say the expression "treated royally";
as it reminds me of cubist works that used playing cards as motifs, the
spade as a shape (also clubs, hearts, diamonds), and playing cards as physical
objects in collages.) by giving to
Sabartés his most valuable currency, that of his own artwork. History
was made in 1963 when Sabartés generously passed on to the
city of Barcelona all his entire collection of the art work that Picasso
had given him; all 400 of them, thereby forming the core of the new Picasso
Museum in Barcelona, Spain* on Montcada Street housed within the Palacio
Aguilar. During the same year,1963, that Sabartés donates
his art works by Picasso to the city of Barcelona; he also donates to the
Museo de Málaga his library of books on Picasso. Ultimately through
donations by Sabartés, Picasso himself, and other bequests, the
Barcelona Picasso Museum houses the world's largest collection of
Picasso's. Differently formed is The Picasso Museum in Paris, which
was formed after Picasso death as a result of tax gifts known as the legal
principle of the dation en paiement , (which allows settlement by
transfer of a single valuable work of art or a percentage of art), to the
government of France by Picasso's heirs.
- [*Note:Sabartes role as a benefactor is now listed
on the Museu Picasso website:
- "THE MUSEUM
- The Picasso Museum in Barcelona is indispensable
for understanding the formative years of Pablo Ruiz Picasso. The genius
of the young artist is revealed through the more than 3,500 works that
make up the permanent collection. However, the Picasso Museum also reveals
his relationship with Barcelona: an intimate, solid relationship that was
shaped in his adolescence and youth, and continued until his death.
- Thanks to the wishes of Picasso and his friend
Jaume Sabartés, Barcelona now has the youthful work of one of the
twentieth century's most significant artists."]
- I have been unable to find an exact birth
date for Sabartés, but it would have been around the 1880's-or 1890's
as he was close to the age of Picasso who was born in 1881. Death date
for Sabartés is February 13, 1968, at which time Picasso
donates some 900 of his finest early works and Las Menias series to the
Barcelona Picasso Museum in Sabartés memory.
Carol L. Sutton,©
copyright June, July 1998August 22, 2005
- *marmoreal (mahr-MOHR-ee-uhl) also marmorean (-ee-uhn) adjective
- Resembling marble, as in smoothness, whiteness, or hardness.
- [From Latin marmoreus, from marmor, marble.]
- From: Wordsmith, email@example.com
- "...desperate to devise anything, any
- sadness or happiness, only
- to escape the clasped coffinworm
- truth of eternal art or marmoreal"
- From "Sadness and Happiness")
- Robert Pinsky, 39th U.S. Poet Laureate, is deeply in
love with words -- be
- they technical terms of a trade, foreign borrowings,
dusty antiques, or
- proper nouns. The interplay of sounds and images derived
from his rich English
- vocabulary -- as well as foreign terms, slang, and invented
words, is one of
- the charms of the poems in Pinsky's "The Figured
Wheel", from which I picked
- these words. -Celia A. Hooper (firstname.lastname@example.org)
- (This week's Guest Wordsmith, Celia, is an editor and
writer at the National
- Institutes of Health. You can find more information about
Pinsky on the Web
- at http://fyodor.cwa.nwu.edu/pinsky.html . -Anu)
- A great many people mistake opinions for thoughts. -Herbert
- A related site.
- Send your comments about words to email@example.com.
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send a message to firstname.lastname@example.org with
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- A related book - Picasso related, ' Picasso and els 4 CATS- The Early Years in Turn-of-the-Century
Barcelona'. Under the direction of María
- 222 color plates and 12 black and whitle illustrations
- Publisher-A Bulfinch Press Book, Little, Brown and Company,
Boston, New York, Toronto, London, copyright 1996
ISBN 0-8212-2339-9 Clothbound
- Printed in Spain, Copyright by Museu Picasso of Barcelona
- A related book - Gilot related, 'Life with Picasso'. by Francoise Gilot and Carlton Lake
- Published by: McGraw-Hill Book Company,
- New York, Toronto, London, 1964
- Library of Congress Card Number: 64-23276
- A related article -'In Barcelona, Picasso is the home-town boy-
A former palace, now a world-class museum- And
the city's impressive Picasso Museum houses the world's largest collection
of his work'. by Ron Butler
- Special toThe Globe and Mail (Canadian newspaper), from
Barcelona, Spain , in Travel section, Saturday, February 21, 1998
- A related site.
- Picasso Museum,
Barcelona, Sabartés Collection
- or in ENGLISH:
- QUOTE: "PICASSO ENGRAVER
- The Picasso Museum in Barcelona possesses a relevant collection of
engravings and lithographs by the artist, consisting of some 1,500 prints.
- Some are from a donation by Jaume Sabartés [click here
for a brief biography], one of the people responsible for the existence
of our museum. Picasso himself donated an important part of the collection
when he paid tribute to Sabartés at the time of the latter's death,
and promised to donate a print of every engraving he made from then to
the end of his life. The rest of the engravings are donations from other
benefactors and work that the museum has acquired over the years. "END
- QUOTE: "Biography
- Jaume Sabartés i Gual
- Barcelona , 1881 - París, 1968
- Sculptor and writer. He was a student at La Llotja and an apprentice
of Manuel Fuxà. Under the pseudonym Jacobus Sabartés,
he wrote prose and poems, and collaborated in the magazine Joventut.
In 1901, he exhibited modelled heads of children at the Sala Parés
gallery. A regular at Els Quatre Gats, he formed part of Picasso's circle
in Barcelona and in Paris. He had met Picasso in 1899, and was an enthusiastic
promoter of his work. In 1935, he moved to Paris and became his private
secretary. He published a biography and other writings on the artist's
life and work. He was also an effective link between Picasso and Catalonia;
in particular, he donated his collection of the artist's work to the Barcelona
City Council in order to create the Barcelona Picasso Museum. "