?4 Answer in Detailspace1.gifprism.gif
  1. ?4. #4 is correct- Dove Picasso.




Picasso and his birds!
JUST BIRD TALK - In my studies on Picasso I somewhere came across a quote by Picasso that said something like, " a pigeon would be a better peace symbol than a dove, because a pigeon is more passive bird and doesn't attack like a dove sometimes can." After spending half a day and going through over 15 Picasso books I give this task of identifying this quote on to my readers; that is just when and where and to whom did Picasso say this pigeon/dove quote. If you are aware of this or know about this source please contact me by email :
Hints: Could be:

What follows is a little exploration of this issue.

4 page pagelinks.gifstudy of which this is the lead page.

 CONTINUES . . . . .




Jazz time!

Time = November 2, 1956-

Place = Salle Pleyel, Paris,

Jazz great Miles Davis on trumpet with other records

"Lady Be Good (G. & I. Gershwin tune) for and O.R. T. F. radio broadcast


The same place as the Communist sponsored World Peace Congress held at Salle Pleyel, Paris, Franceflag-fr.gif, France flag with white shawdow.


lhand.gif, left hand gif, southpaw gif

Pablo Picasso was left handed- - a southpaw--

Famous Left- Handers


vertical.gif, blue line vertical

more doves or more pigeons?

Did Picasso paint more Doves or did he paint more Pigeons? He made ceramics, prints, drawings, and painting, and sculptures of both doves and pigeons. Picasso also painted many Owls. Pablo painted both ibis and cock. Even crane and crow. He owned doves, pigeons, a pet owl and a pet parrot.

Picasso's Motto:

Unite all peoples, cause the sun to rise and place there the dove which holds the olive branch.

from the Temple de la Paiz, "Round of Peace". the Vallarius Chapel, is the setting of two major frescos, La Guerre and La Paix, 1952.

quotes.html#Pablo Picasso

 vertical.gif, blue line vertical

Notes: Picasso keeps white doves while in his late life, while living at Villa La Californie, near Cannes, France.

from page 139:,

"White doves shared La Californie's third floor with Picasso, living on the terrace just outside his studio. Cannes and the Mediterranean fill the horizon beyond his garden. These doves,sitting on the tree-branch roost, inspired the artist to paint nearly a dozen canvases of exactly this scene-" " from

the book"Viva Picasso , a Centennial Celebration 1881-1981" by David Douglas uncan, text and photography.

faninwh.jpg, Italian fantail pigeon

Italian Fantail , weigh 14 to 18 ounces

Fancy Pigeons-Organizations, Publications, Information


france_flag.gifrwb_line.gif, red, white, blue line bar giffrance_flag.gif
How did Picasso come to use the bird as a peace symbol?
The subplot of how the pigeon_pisc.gif, Picasso pigeonpigeon became a dove picass2j_boy_dove.jpg. Picasso boy with dove detailof peace.

The turtle dove in love was often painted paired and kissing, as in Venus and Cupid with Doves, by Boucher (18 century), in the rolling wave curves of rococo, and earlier in a more stout, upright, and direct style by Domenico Zampieri, (Domenichino) (17 century).* While the dove became a symbol of the bird of love the pigeon, an more precisely the carrier pigeon became a symbol of a useful tool for man, in his role as a traveler that always returns home even if hundreds of miles away. Pigeons were used early in the East by the Japanese and the Turks (1600) to carry messages and provided their service as postal delivery during the siege of Paris in 1870, by Reuters news, by banker Rothschild, by the United Kingdom's RAF (Royal Air Force), and are still used in the 1960's by some Japanese newspapers. The pigeon carried the olive branch, awhitedov.gif symbol that has its own entire history, became mated with that of the pigeon or dove carrying the olive branch in it's mouth as a sign of peace.
Picasso simple affection for birds tells us a tale and expands our thoughts about how we know the man called Picasso. Spanish boys that were poor keep sparrows for pets. The Ramblas today in Barcelona is still filled with birds singing and chirping for sale by bird vendors. Walking down in alley in Barcelona you will hear the songs of their pet birds. Picasso would have likely seen the virile powerful Romanesque Cocks in the fresco of St Isidore, Spain, use as a symbol of Christ in triumph over darkness, or those frescoes held in the Catalan Museum of Barcelona.
Picasso may have been familiar with the metal sculpture of the Eucharistic dove of the 13th Century, with its bold firm outline and strong drawing it would have appealed to Picasso; it is in the Cluny Museum (Musée Cluny) of Paris, that he likely visited as it was in close proximity to the Café La Lorraine, where Pablo Picasso and his friends, including Sabartés frequented and where Picasso painted The Glass of Beer- Portrait of Jamie Sabartés. C. Sutton
see pages 198, 278, of:
Man & Beast, A Visual History by Jacques Boudet, Editor Robert Laffont, translation by Anne Carter, first publisher as L'Homme et :'Animal, in Paris, 1962, then
Publisher Golden Press by Edition du Pont Royal, New York, 1962,
Library of Congress Card Number: 64-13377


Francoise Gilot





describes this event in a precise and vivid manner, on page 273 of her book about her life with the master Picasso, "Life With Picasso". At the time of 1951 Gilot and Picasso were living in the South of France in Antibes, where their house is to later become a Picasso Museum.
In Paris, Picasso's atelier was at the Rue des Grands-Augustins during the Gilot years. By 1953 Gilot had left Picasso.


Picasso's house in Antibes, France

Life with Picasso
Francoise Gilot and Carlton Lake
Published by: McGraw-Hill Book Company,
New York, Toronto, London, 1964
Library of Congress Card Number: 64-23276
Below are my annotated notes added to her text.
"In his aviary, in company with many exotic birds, Matisse had four large Milanese pigeons. Their feet were not bare like most pigeons. They had feathers right down to the ground covering their claws; it was just as though the feet had white gaiters on them. One day he said to Pablo, "I ought to give these to you because they look like some you've already painted." We took them back to Vallauris*
*Vallauris A town in Southern France which Picasso is credited with revitalizing by his ceramic making, which rekindled and entire industry. Artistic haven to poets, writers, actors, photographers, musicians, collectors and artists.
with us. One of them had a very distinguished artistic and political career. Early in 1949 Pablo made a lithograph of it which turned out to be a brilliant technical success. In lithography*
*lithography An oil and water process made on limestone that is soft and porous. A drawing is made and then printed and the stone rubbed clean for the next rubbed down to remove it, so that another drawing for a print can be made. Often the stone absorbs a bit of ink as the drawing penetrates beneath the surface and these prior drawings can seep back to up to surface, an lithographers call this "the stone's memory".
one can get an absolute black quite easily, but since lithographic ink has wax in it, when you dilute it with water to make a light-gray wash, the lithographic stone does not take the wash very evenly. That makes what is called in French, la peau de crapaud, a surface mottled like a toad's skin. But in this lithograph Pablo*had succeeded in making a wash that gave the impression of an extremely transparent gray, with gradations that were an amazing tour de force.

*lithograph Pablo-

printed with Master Print Maker Monsieur Tuttin at Mourlot's in Paris, France

Mourlot, then on the Rue de Chabrol, near the Gard de l'East.(East side railroad station in Paris), and known since the nineteenth century for turning out superb lithography. Maurlot's shop and it's master printers was used by Honoré Daumier (French 1808-1879) and others.

The Master Print Maker was Monsieur Tuttin. And it was Monsieur Tuttin who worked with Picasso to give Picasso the results he desired.

--About a month later, the poet and novelist Louis Aragon*, who served as a kind of intellectual wheelhorse for the French Communist Party, came to the studio in the Rue des Grands-Augustins to prod Pablo into giving him a sketch he had promised
*Louis Aragon

poet, novelist,1919 with Breton and Soupault, founded the review 'Littérature', active in Dada and Surrealist movements,prisoner of Germans in WWII, then French resistance fighter and their poet, leader in the French Communist Party, also wrote a long study on Matisse.

See isn_e.gif, little red arrow gifAragon www links on bird links pagepagelinks.gif.

him for the poster advertising the Communist-sponsored World Peace Conference soon to be held at the Salle Pleyel. Aragon looked through a folder of recent lithographs, and when he saw that one, the pigeon looked so much like a dove to him that he had the idea of making it the symbol of the congress. Pablo agreed and by the end of the day, the poster and the "dove" had already begun to appear on Paris walls. In its countless printings and reprintings, first as an original lithograph and later in reproduction, the poster went around the world in the cause--- or at least in the name---of peace.
---After Aragon had "discovered" the peace dove that day, he continued to look through the lithographs Pablo had done recently and he came across a series of portraits of me in the coat Pablo had brought me back from Poland. -----"

note:Gilot survived Picasso and while lecturing at the San Diego Museum of Art met Jonas Salk, whom she later married. Gilot, a painter, married a second time to another powerful man, this time to Doctor Jonas Salk known worldwide for the development of the polio vaccine, who died on June 26, 1995, leaving Gilot a widow.
Jonas Salk Remembered As Gracious Hero of Century
france_flag.gifrwb_line.gif, red, white, blue line bar giffrance_flag.gif



Nice time!

Time = 1951

Place = Nice, Franceflag-fr.gif, France flag with white shawdow




Henri Cartier-Bresson, born 1908 in Chanteloup, France, master photographer shoots Henri Matisse in his Nice apartment.

See isn_e.gif, little red arrow gifCartier-Bresson www links on bird links pagepagelinks.gif

vertical.gif, blue line vertical

Henri Matisse in his Nice apartment in 1951

 famous photo published in the book , 'The Decisive Moment' ,work of Cartier-Bresson

A Cartier-Bresson related web.gif or internet site-
famous photos published in 'The Decisive Moment' book of Henri Cartier-Bresson.
Cartier-Bresson (1908- ) site by B. Sayun Scotton, covers his life and career in painting and photography.
Henri Matisse, age 82, sketching his pet Milanese doves, 1951,
Albert Camus, and others by Cartier-Bresson
Biography of Cartier-Bresson- "Around 1973 put aside his Leica to concentrate on painting. It almost seems a travesty that Bresson could forsake his art of taking pictures, but nevertheless he adamantly asserts that, "All I care about these days is painting - photography has never been more than a way into painting, a sort of instant drawing. " (A Propos de Paris, p. 12-13). copyright 1995 B. Sayun Scotton.


 TIMELINE --of characters from text with their human and bird relationships. 1881- to 1953
Who born died 1919-1938 1947-1962 Timeline 1949 Timeline 1951
Pablo Picasso

October 25,1881, in Malaga, Spainespana_flag.gif

(1899, meets Jaime Sabartés in Barcelona)

April 8, 1973 at Notre-Dame

-de-Vie, in Mougins,

France.france_flag.gif, tiny France flag

1919-Paints 'Self-Portrait with a Bird Cage, (Location unknown, a charcoal of himself sitting in a chair and staring at a single bird, which appears to be looked also at him. photo page 131,in Michael C. Fitzgerald book.

1935 Picasso asks Sabartés to become his secretary.

1938-Paints 'Woman with Cock'.

1941--1962-Makes ceramic plates with bird motifs (doves on straw,bird standing on ground, black owl roosting(1957) Makes amphora shaped as owls, doves, pigeons, other birds, and sculpture of bird,white earthenware bird((13-2-1962)s in Vallauris, France.See book on ceramics listed below. birth of his daughter by Gilot of Paloma, Peace Conference, prolific ceramic, drawing, painting, engraving, lithography activity. Has bird lithograph of a dove that Picasso had previously done selected by Louis Aragon as poster symbol for Peace Congress.
Henri Matisse December 31, 1869,Le Cateau, Northern Francefrance_flag.gif, tiny France flag November 3, 1954, Nice, Rivera, Francefrance_flag.gif, tiny France flag
Keeps Milanese pigeons as pets in his hotel studio.
Famous photo of Matisse,as an 82 year old , in his Nice, France apartment surrounded with his pet Milanese pigeons by Cartier-Bresson.
Louis Aragon 1897france_flag.gif, tiny France flag 1982france_flag.gif, tiny France flag

1941- write poem-

Tapestry of the Great Fear (Tapisserie de La Grande Peur)

"Or flights of pink flamingos in the sun

Kermess in Flanders, witches at their Sabbath

On a broomstick the messerschmitt rides down-"-

& "Do you recognize the fields, the birds of prey?"

Louis Aragon selected the pigeon lithograph to use as the dove of peace for a poster symbol for Peace Congress.



1908, in Chanteloup, Francefrance_flag.gif, tiny France flag
1928 studied painting as boy, later study under Cubist painter Andre Lhote. "visual framework laid for his craft as photographer. "falls in with Surrealist crowd.1929-off to Cameroon, West Africa 1933-first photo exhibit.1936 made films with Jean Renior, son of the impressionist painter Renior. WWII in army, taken prisoner, escapes back to France, works in underground aiding escaped POW's.Age 36 when war ends. Travels in far east, India, Burma, China, and Indonesia. Spends 2 decades documenting unknown faces. 1951-Known for his incisive photo of people, such as Albert Camus; Henri Cartier-Bresson takes his famous shot of Matisse with his pet pigeons.
Francoise Gilot

November 26, 1921, in Paris, France. france_flag.gif, tiny France flagNovember Birthday Calendar-Women's International Center

(birthday date is the same day as Sojourner Truth, abolitionist)

painter, designer, author, poet. Combines artistic talent with academic achievement.

birth of Claude,"From 1946 to 1953, she worked with Picasso, learning, teaching and sharing the wealth of his tremendous talent. During this time she also worked with Henri Matisse.' quote from:

Updated link as of Feb. 11, 2002

Gilot was Picasso companion and wife for ten years from 1959 to 1954

birth of Paloma

1984 given living legacy award

Picasso bird artworks pagelinks.gifClick to view giant version.

picass2j_mini.jpg, Girl with Pigeon by Picasso

Girl with Pigeon (also called Child Holding a Dove) (1901)
painted in Autumn of 1901, in Paris, oil on canvas
28 3/4" x 21 1/4" or 73cm : 54ccm
Zervos I, 83, D.B. VI. 14. Anonymous loan to National Gallery, London
picass2j_boy_dove.jpg. Picasso boy with dove detaildetail
Life with Picasso
Francoise Gilot and Carlton Lake Quote page 145: "The pigeons cooed but the turtledoves really laughed. They were small and grayish-pink with a darker ruff around the neck. Every time we went into the kitchen to eat and Pablo launched into one of his characteristic long semi philosophical monologues, the turtledoves would be all attention. Just at a moment he made his point, they would start to laugh.
These are really birds for a philosopher," Pablo said. "All human utterances its stupid side. Fortunately I have the turtledoves to make fun of me. Each time I think I'm saying something particularly intelligent , they remind me of the vanity of it all."

picass6ccrow.gif,Woman with a Crow (1904) by Picasso ( bird)

Woman with a Crow (1904)
1904, gouache,
Toledo Museum of Art, Toledo, Ohio, USA

The crow, also loosely called the rook, the raven, is a large omnivorous bird with glossy black plumage.Crows were written about by poets, famously by the American poet Edgar Allen Poe (October 9, 1849 to November 17, 1875, buried in Westminster Cemetery, Baltimore, Maryland). Manet used the crow or raven in his art, and in 1875 the French poet Mallarmé translates Poe's The Raven, and collaborates with Manet who illustrates the story in a joint book project. Manet also did portraits of Poe around 1860.

The crow is considered a talking bird like the magpie and parrot. Pliny, the Greek, tells of a talking crow trained to call out the rulers names of Tiberius, Germanicus and Drusas to greet them on a public rostrum.* (*page 70 Man & Beast, A Visual History by Jacques Boudet.) Tame gentle crows perch on urn handles in painted fresco excavations of Pompeii, Italy.

Charles Baudelaire also wrote about crows. (died August 31 1867, Baudelaire's tomb, Montparnasse Cemetery, Paris, France).

Here it is Picasso female who is "grim, ungainly, ghastly, gaunt," as she cuddles this crow.

Straight I wheeled a cushioned seat in front of bird and bust and door
Then, upon the velvet sinking, I betook myself to linking
Fancy unto fancy, thinking what this ominour bird or yore-
What this grim, ungainly, ghastly, gaunt, and ominous bird of yore
.........................Meant in croaking "Nevermore." quote from The Raven, by Edgar Allen Poe.

picass1m-1.gif, Framers Wife on a Stepladder (1933) by Picasso ( holding bird)

Framers Wife on a Stepladder (1933)
pastel on paper,
Collection of Madame Cottoli, Paris, France
ladder_birds-1.gif, woman holding birds on ladder, Picasso detaildetail of two birds, one held in her hands.
Life with Picasso
Francoise Gilot and Carlton Lake Quote page 145: "The two turtledoves were in the same cage and they often went through what seemed to be the act of mating but there were never any egg as a result. Finally Pablo decided there had been a mistake and they were both males. "Everyone speaks so well of animals," he said. "Nature in its purest state, and all that. What nonsense! Just look at those turtledoves: as wholeheartly pederast as any two bad boys."
He made two lithographs of them in action, one printed in purplish red, the other in yellow. Then he made a third by superimposing one lithograph on the other to give the effect of the shaking and fluttering they went through while they were, more or less, mating."

picass6e.gif, The Cock by Picasso, (bird)

The Cock (19-3-38) 750x1049
no detail

picass1h.gif,Night Fishing in Antibes, (August 1939) , by Picasso

Night Fishing in Antibes, (August 1939) , oil on canvas,
81" x 136" or 205.7cm : 345.4cm
Zervos IX, 316.
The Museum of Modern Art or MOMA, New York, NY, USA
Mrs. Simon Guggenhiem Fund

lamp_as_bird.gif, Picasso detail of a bird as a lamp.detail of lamp/bird figure, upper left side

Life with Picasso
Francoise Gilot and Carlton Lake Quote page 144: "Pablo loved to surround himself with birds and animals. In general they
were exempt from the suspicion with which he regarded his other friends. While Pablo was still working at the Musée d'Antibes, Sima had come to us one day with a little owl he had found in a corner of the museum. One of his claws had been injured. We bandaged it and gradually it healed. We bought a cage for him and when we returned to Paris we brought him back with us and put him in the kitchen with the canaries, the pigeons, and the turtledoves. We were very nice to him but he only glared at us. Any time we went into the kitchen, the canaries chirped, the pigeons cooed and the turtledoves laughed but the owl remained stolidly silent or, at best, snorted. He smelled awful and ate nothing but mice. Since Pablo's atelier was overrun with them, I set several traps. Whenever I caught one, I brought it to the owl. As long as I was in the kitchen, he ignored the mouse and me. He saw perfectly well in the daytime, of course, in spite of the popular legend about owls, but he apparently preferred to remain aloof. As soon as I left the kitchen, even if only for a minute, the mouse disappeared. The only trace would be a little ball of hair which the owl would regurgitate hours later."
picass6f_mini.jpg, Owl on a Chari and Sea Urchin, by Picasso
Owl on a Chair and Sea Urchin
1946, oil on plywood, Museé d Antibes, France
picass6f_owl.jpg, detail of owl by Picassodetail of owl
Life with Picasso
Francoise Gilot and Carlton Lake Quote page 145:"Every time the owl snorted at Pablo he would shout, "Cochon, Merde" and a few other obscenities, just to show the owl that he was even worse mannered than he was. He used to stick his fingers between the bars of the cage and the owl would bite him, but Pablo's fingers, though small, were tough and the owl didn't hut him Finally the owl would let him scratch his head and gradually he came to perch on his finger instead of biting it, but even so, he still looked very unhappy. Pablo did a number of drawing and painting of him and several lithographs as well."

picass3h.gif, The Pigeons, 1957 by Picasso


The Pigeons 1957, oil on Canvas,

image Web Museum

Museé d Antibes, France

detailspicasso_anb_5birds.jpgleftpigeon_pisc.gif, Picasso pigeoncenterpicasso_antb_3_bird.jpg

Pigeons on the grass alas. Four Saints in Three Acts (written 1927)-from Bartlett's Familiar Quotations

picass71.gif, The Pigeons, by Picasso

The Pigeons 1957, oil on Canvas, image Collection Picasso,

Museé d Antibes, France

picasso_ant_lsbirds.jpg, 2 birds in a roost by Picassodetailspicasso_ant_cbird.jpg, 2 birds on a balcony, detail by Picassopicasso_ant_lrbirds.jpg, detail of birds, almost abstract by Picasso

END of the bird.picass4r.gif,Cat and Bird (1939) by PicassoCat and Bird (1939) 81 :100cm -31 7/8" x 39 3/8"
(Picasso also painted another, Cat and Bird, Le Tremblay-sur-Mauldre, April 1939, oil on canvas, 38 1/4" x 50 3/4" or 97cm : 129cm, Zervos IX , 297, collection of Mr. and Mrs. Victor W. Ganz, New York, NY, USA)
The problem of cat versus bird is as old as time. If we attempt to resolve it by legislation who knows but what we may be called upon to take sides as well in the age old problems of dog versus cat, bird versus bird, and even bird versus worm . . . . .
Adlai Ewing Stevenson, 1900-1965--The State of Illinois and its local governing bodies already have enough to do without trying to control feline delinquency. Said as governor of Illinois, vetoing a bird-protection bill (April 23, 1949).page 706-9, from Bartlett's Familiar Quotations, Campbell--Mead.





Picasso and his birds!
JUST BIRD TALK - In my studies on Picasso I somewhere came across a quote by Picasso that said something like, " a pigeon would be a better peace symbol than a dove, because a pigeon is more passive bird and doesn't attack like a dove sometimes can." After spending half a day and going through over 15 Picasso books I give this task of identifying this quote on to my readers; that is just when and where and to whom did Picasso say this pigeon/dove quote.

What follows is a little exploration of this issue.

4 page study of which this is the lead page.


 CONTINUES ...section on Francoise Gilot/Picasso & his birdsisn_e.gif, mini red arrow pointing right


------------------------------NAVAGATION BAR--------------

Picasso and his birds!

4 pagestiny_updated.gif

section on Francoise Gilot/Picasso & his birdsisn_e.gif, mini red arrow pointing right

The listing of Picasso books and web related sitesisn_e.gif, mini red arrow pointing right

section on-flatbook.gifBoeck/Sabartés book on Picasso with annoteted notes on bird related text. isn_e.gif, mini red arrow pointing right

+ essayisn_e.gif, mini red arrow pointing right

sabarteslogo.jpg, ?Who was Sabartes? gif, design ©copyrighted, by Carol Sutton,artist


whitedov.gif, white dove gif

Please don't miss these extra pages!!

includes a chart TIMELINE --of characters from text with their human and bird relationships. 1881- to 1953

and an Illustrated Biography of Jaime Sabartés.

by Carol L. Sutton, June 21 to July 23, 1998


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